Waveguides are an effective way of handling high-frequency signals, typically from to 110GHz. They have very low insertion loss which means they can handle high transmission power and even very low signals. Waveguide couplers are utilized in order to connect multiple units.
Flexible waveguides are installed for bridging between non-standard gaps between waveguides. Some of the waveguide parts like – twists and switches are often equipped with coupling flanges. Waveguides can be manufactured to specific shapes for applications in aircraft, ships, or other microwave applications.
Here is a list of some waveguide components below:
• Amplifiers: Microwave amplifiers enhance the output power signal of a microwave oscillator. Amplifiers utilize active elements such as MMIC and GaNand passive transmission line circuits. Raditek amplifiers are available from a few KHz to 96GHz. generally operated at narrow band we also offer broadband models. They are used for Point to Point terrestrial microwave communication, satellitemicrowave communication VSAT,s Cellular Base Stations, HF Transmitter amplifiers, ISM Band Tranceivers to medical Devices for Cancer Treatment, among many others
• Attenuators: Attenuators usually reduce the power gain in a transmission. Attenuators are used when the power is lowered. Waveguide component plays a vital role in handling the power with the minimum loss possible.
• Circulators: maintains signal routes. They comprise ferrite and High Power magnets and specialized circuitry, single junction models have three ports. The signal energy is transformed from one port to another. This process continues in a predetermined sequence.
• Isolators: Isolators are basically circulators with one port terminated, the forward power signal travels in one direction, either clockwise or Counter clockwise. They predominantly are used to protect expensive solid state amplifying devices from reverse power that could destroy them by passing it to a load were it is turned into heat and dissipated.
There are other waveguide components available in the market such as – adapters, rotary joints, mixers. They help in increasing waveguide versatility with more effective results in high-frequency microwave applications.
To sum up, a combination of waveguide components like amplifiers, attenuators, circulators and isolators serve distinct purpose in optimizing the signals and power during transmission to other source.